Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)

'The CDC-Kaiser Permanente Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study is one of the largest investigations of childhood abuse and neglect and later-life health and well-being.' Center for Disease Control website.

The study looks at the impact of the following ten forms of childhood trauma:

Online ACE Quizz

'An ACE score is a tally of different types of abuse, neglect, and other hallmarks of a rough childhood. According to the Adverse Childhood Experiences study, the rougher your childhood, the higher your score is likely to be and the higher your risk for later health problems.' (

A person's score out of 10 has a strong correlation with numerous health, social and behavioural problems in later life including:

The ACE Quizz can be used as a quick reference tool for discovering the extent of early trauma, and is also a helpful research tool. However, it is also important to bear in mind that, 'ACE scores don't tally the positive experiences in early life that can help build resilience and protect a child from the effects of trauma. Having a grandparent who loves you, a teacher who understands and believes in you, or a trusted friend you can confide in may mitigate the long-term effects of early trauma, psychologists say.' U.S. National Public Radio website.

Other resources: